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In , the league was renamed the "Korean Professional Football Competition", and introduced the home and away system. In , it was renamed again as the "K League".
It had the current format by abolishing the K League Championship and the Korean League Cup after the season, and being split into two divisions in The first division was named the "K League Classic" while the newly created second division was named the " K League Challenge " and both are now part of the K League structure.
Since its creation, the league has expanded from an initial 5 to 22 clubs. Of the five inaugural clubs, only Yukong, Pohang and Daewoo still competes in the K League; Kookmin Bank dropped out of the league at the end of , and Hallelujah followed the season after.
On 22 January the official name was changed to "K League 1". On 5 October , the league announced a plan to introduce a relegation system from the season, when two teams were relegated.
In , the bottom two teams were directly relegated, while the 12th team played a relegation playoff match against the winner of the newly formed K League Challenge.
From the season, as the number of teams of K League was reduced, only the 12th team is automatically relegated, with the 11th team playing a match against the winner of the K League 2 promotion playoffs.
The league also introduced a split system like the Scottish Premier League in the season, where each club plays each other three times in the regular round, then the top and bottom six teams are split into Split A and Split B, in which a team plays every other team in the split once, to decide the final standings.
The K League season typically begins around March and runs to late November each year. The number of games, clubs and the systems used have varied through the years.
A number of the member clubs are owned by South Korean major conglomerates " chaebols ". Those clubs have adopted local city names in an effort to integrate themselves more with the local communities.
All other teams are owned by local governments. The K League champions, runners-up, and third-placed team gain entry to the AFC Champions League the following season, with the exception of Sangmu FC due to their unique status as a military team.
As such, the K League had one or more clubs in every provinces of South Korea. This was the first time in domestic South Korean professional sports history that there has been at least one club in each province.
Clubs in bold compete in the top flight as of the season. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For comprehensive South Korean professional football league including first division and second division, see K League.
Main article: K League. Main article: South Korean football league system. See also: List of South Korean football champions.
Indian subcontinent. K League Official Website. SportBusiness Media. Retrieved 12 May Optus Sport. Retrieved 13 May Insider Sport. Retrieved 6 August K League.
Championship playoffs defunct League Cup defunct Super Cup defunct. However, the number of spectators was consistently decreased despite KFA's effort, so the pro league, renamed as the Korean Professional Football Competition , operated home and away system to interest fans since In , South Korean government and the Football Federation introduced a decentralization policy to proliferate the popularity of football nationally in preparation for the FIFA World Cup , which they wanted to host.
Several clubs located in the capital Seoul moved to other cities according to the new policy, but this was abolished after only three years and is regarded as a failed policy because it gave up the most populous city in South Korea.
In , the league was renamed again as current K League. It had the current format by abolishing the K League Championship and the Korean League Cup after the season, and being split into two divisions in The fact that both the first and second divisions had very similar names caused some degree of confusion and controversy.
Under two K Leagues, there are several semi-professional leagues K3 League , K4 League and amateur leagues, but their clubs cannot be promoted to K League.
The K League promotion-relegation playoffs were introduced in and are contested between the 11th-placed team of the K League 1 and the runners-up of the K League 2.
The first leg is always played at the second division team's home ground, while the second leg is played at the first division team's home ground.
At the inception of the K League in , only two Brazilian players made rosters. At the time, rules allowed each club to have three foreign players and that the three could also play simultaneously in a game.
From the season, each team had five foreign players among whom three could play in a game at the same time. Since , foreign goalkeepers are banned from the league because South Korean clubs excessively employed foreign goalkeepers after watching Valeri Sarychev 's performances at that time.
The limit was lower to five in , four in , and three in Since , the number of foreign players went back up to four per team, including a slot for a player from AFC countries.
In early years, the locations of K League clubs were determined, but they were pointless in substance because the clubs played games by going around all stadiums together.
The current home and away system is being operated since While the decentralization policy was operated from to , the clubs in Seoul were relocated again.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: South Korean football league system. Further information: K League records and statistics.
See also: List of foreign K League 1 players. See also: List of foreign K League 2 players. See also: Decentralization policy in K League.
Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved 1 February The New York Times. Retrieved 2 February Retrieved 28 November The Chosun Ilbo. Korea Economic Daily.
Sports Seoul. Archived from the original on 11 December K League. Retrieved 30 April K League United. Retrieved 21 December Championship playoffs defunct League Cup defunct Super Cup defunct.
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